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All about Colchicine and Gout for Gout Awareness Day
Dr. Burton Schuler -- Morton's Toe Expert Dr. Burton Schuler -- Morton's Toe Expert
Panama City, FL
Thursday, May 23, 2013

Historic Picture of what Gout felt like
 Dr. Burton S. Schuler,  podiatrist of Panama City, Fl wrote a very extensive article sometime ago about Colchicine and Gout.

We are reprinting it in honor of Gout Awareness day of May 22, 2013

 Colichicine is the first drug used in the treatment of a acute gouty attack Gout is a metabolic condition caused by an elevation in uric acid in the bloodstream. This increase can lead to a abnormal deposit of painful urate crystals in and around joints, and in soft tissue structures, Gout is the most common form of crystalline arthritis.

A gouty attack is incredible painful. It is not just painful but among the most painful conditions you can get. It occurs most commonly in the big toe joint with the foot becoming red hot and swollen, with limitation of motion. The classic time for an attack of gout is early morning or late night. The underlying cause for this is due to reabsorption of excess joint fluid at night, that results in the increase deposit of the very painful uric acid crystals into the joint. You see if there is more fluid in the joint the urate crystal are in a liquid state and are less likely to become painful because as a liquid they are floating around in the joint and not cutting into the joint . Most patients are men between the ages of 30-60, most commonly around 50.

History. Colchicine is from the plant Colchicum autumnale that is found in the Colchis area of Asia. Colchicine was introduced for the therapy of acute gout by Anton von Storck in 1763,. Benjamin Franklin, had gout, and was reputed to have introduced colchicine as a therapy in the United States. Colchicine is a one of a kind anti-inflammatory drug, It's single real use is for the treatment and prevention of gout and gouty arthritis Historically gout was divided into primary and secondary phases..

Colchicine is used in the first phase which is the acute, crushing pain when gout first hits. It gives dramatic relief from this crushing pain Four drugs of proven value are available and commonly used during the first phase, : col­chicine, phenylbutazone, indomethacin, and corticosteroids (or ACTH). The second phase of the treatment of gout is the long term management to prevent gouty attacks from coming back which I will write about in the future.

The aim of Colchicine therapy is to reduce the severity of the gouty pain and quickly terminate the acute inflammatory process associated with it. The patient should also rest as much as possible during this attack and immobilized and protected the effected area.

Colchicine is also unique in that if the diagnosis is in doubt, a clear-cut response to colchicine is still widely used as confirmatory evidence of gout.

The response to this drug is often dra­matic. Joint pains and swelling begin to subside approximately twelve hours after the institution of therapy and in most instances pain is completely relieved in from one to two days. Over 95 per cent of acute attacks are materially benefited by a single course of colchicine. The response to colchicine is often disappoint­ing if the drug is started several days after the onset of acute symptoms; relief is usually prompt if therapy is begun at the very onset of the attack. Should no benefit occur, a second course can be given after an interval of three days; repetition sooner might precipitate marked gastrointestinal symptoms.

ACTION AND DOSE: . The patient should start taking the drug at the first appearance of symptoms of a gouty attack. Delay of a few hours in the treatment after the onset of acute gouty pains may increase the severity and pro­long the duration of the acute episode.The normal way you take Colchicine for a acute gouty attack is one or two .5 mg pill every 2 hours until pain decreases or until diarrhea, nausea or vomiting occurs. The average attack of gout requires approximately 10-12 tablets to suppress inflammation within 24 hours.

SIDE EFFECTS: There are many side effects The most common side effects of colchicine are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Colchicine also may cause hair loss, weakness, and nerve irritation. All patients taking colchicine long-term require monitoring of their blood counts because it can cause damage to their bone marrow causing severe anemia, low white blood counts, and low platelets. Reduced white blood cell counts may increase the risk of infections. Colchicine also may cause muscle pain (myopathy) or severe muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis). Patients with renal or liver dysfunction or taking some other drugs (for example, simvastatin and other statins, gemfibrozil, fenofibrate), which also affect muscle tissue, are at a higher risk of developing rhabdomyolysis.

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with colchicine and lead to potentially dangerous effects; be sure to ask your doctor about this.

DRUG INTERACTION: Colchicine can interact with many drugs. . Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially: cholesterol-lowering medicines such as atorvastatin (Lipitor), fenofibrate (Antara, Lipofen, TriCor), digoxin (Lanoxin, digitalis);gemfibrozil (Lopid), simvastatin (Zocor), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol), and antibotices such as erythromycin

Dr. Burton S. Schuler of Panama City, Fl has been a foot doctor-podiatrist for 38 years He is a leading authority on the Mortons Toe, Long Second Toe and it associated problems. He is the author of the 2009 book about The Morton’s Toe, Why You Really Hurt: It All Starts In the Foot. The book is published by the La Luz Press, Inc and is disturbed national by the Cardinal Publishing Group. In 1982, he published his first book, The Agony of De-Feet: A Podiatrist Guide to Foot Care. He has numerous other videos about foot problems on you tube
News Media Interview Contact
Name: Dr. Burton S. Schuler
Title: Podiatrist, Foot Specialist
Group: Dr. Burton S. Schuler
Dateline: PANAMA CITY Beach, FL United States
Direct Phone: 850 872 9073
Cell Phone: 850 708 2030
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